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Burdock root - effect and application

Burdock root - effect and application

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Effect and areas of application of the Velcro root

The burdock root (Bardanae radix) has many other names. Examples of this are bardane, bull's-burdock, ragweed, dead root, hair growth root, hedgehog chain, glue root, burdock thistle and wolf herb. In the past, the roots of the plant were roasted and a kind of coffee was made from them.

The burdock is at home in Europe, North America and North Asia. It grows in forests and along roadsides. The "drug", the remedy, is prepared from the root of the plant.


The burdock root contains, among other things, inulin (soluble fiber), essential oil, mucilage, bitter substances, sulfur-containing substances and caffeic acid derivatives.


The burdock root is considered a radical scavenger. It is anti-inflammatory, slightly diuretic and antibacterial. Furthermore, it is considered to stimulate the liver and bile. The burdock root was already used in ancient Greece. Later Hildegard von Bingen and Pastor Kneipp turned to this plant. It was particularly valued for its positive effects on hair loss and eczema.

The previously mentioned name "Grindwurzel" indicates crusting. Because the burdock root has a positive effect on crusted wounds, cradle cap, ulcers and psoriasis.

External use as burdock root oil

Burdock root oil has a wide variety of uses. The oil has a positive effect on hair, skin, eyelashes and eyebrows. It is essential to pay attention to purity and quality.

Hair loss

Hair loss can have a variety of causes. If these are unknown and you want to use a simple home remedy, burdock root oil is the right choice. This is warmed up slightly in the evening before sleeping and massaged into the scalp. A towel is wrapped over it, which increases the effect and protects the bed linen overnight. The burdock root oil increases the blood circulation. This is said to stimulate hair growth. Of course, the effect does not start after a single application. The whole thing should be done at least once a week for several weeks.

Dry, damaged hair, split ends

With dry and / or damaged hair and also with split ends, no expensive remedy is necessary - here the burdock root oil does a good job. If the tips of the hair are particularly affected, they are regularly spoiled with a little burdock root oil. For damaged hair and / or dryness, an oil cure is done once or twice a week. For this, the oil is warmed up, massaged into the scalp and hair and then a cloth is wrapped around it. The oil should act for one to two hours - or even overnight. A tip for the subsequent washing: First massage a little shampoo into the hair before the hair is wet. This way the oil dissolves better.

For healthy eyelashes

Every woman wants healthy, full and curved eyelashes. However, not everyone wants to use a chemical eyelash serum right away. Burdock root oil is a good, above all healthy and inexpensive alternative. Applying a little oil to the lashes every evening with a lash brush makes them supple, they are nourished and get a beautiful shine. The oil can also be applied to the eyebrows. These also benefit from it.
Here it should be remembered that it is essential to pay attention to the purity of the oil - especially if it is used in the area of ​​the eyes.

For psoriasis

The burdock root oil has a permanent place in the natural treatment of psoriasis. If there are foci on the scalp, the procedure is the same as for hair loss - the oil is warmed up slightly, massaged into the scalp and covered with a towel overnight. On the rest of the body, psoriasis can be rubbed directly with the oil. Another option is to rub the oil over a large area, let it soak in and then rinse it off with lukewarm water and dab the skin very gently. Especially if the affected person has already undergone cortisone treatment, the skin is happy about this care.

Insect bites

Insect bites are dabbed with some burdock root oil. This takes away the inflammation and somewhat relieves the itching.

Cradle cap

The appearance of cradle cap is somewhat reminiscent of milk that has accumulated on the bottom of a pot when it was cooked. Infants are affected, mainly in the first two to three months of life. But older infants and toddlers can also suffer. The oily, yellowish pieces of skin that appear in cradle cap are particularly visible on the head. The reason for this is still relatively unclear. The mother's hormones may be "to blame" for this. It is being discussed that children who are affected later are more prone to neurodermatitis or pollen allergy.
The burdock root oil is a good help to get the cradle cap. To do this, gently rub the affected area of ​​the baby with a few drops of high-quality oil. A cotton hat is recommended to protect the bed linen.

The burdock root - application from the inside

The burdock root is mainly used internally in the form of tea. This is used for blood purification, to stimulate liver and bile activity, for rheumatism and gout. Furthermore, it has diuretic and detoxifying effects. A cold preparation is necessary for this: one and a half tablespoons of the root are poured over with half a liter of cold water. This then has to take about five hours. The whole thing is then boiled for about a minute and then strained.

The tea can also be used externally in the form of envelopes. The burdock root has an antibiotic and anti-inflammatory effect. So it can help with various skin problems such as eczema, boils, abscesses and also with acne. For this, the affected areas are covered with a cloth dipped in burdock root tea and this is repeated several times a day. With dandruff and also with seborrhea (overproduction of skin fats), the scalp is dabbed with the tea. As already mentioned, the burdock root is also known as a hair restorer. Instead of oil, the scalp can be massaged regularly with the tea.

The antibacterial effect of the burdock root is used for acne. Freshly brewed, slightly cooled tea is applied to the affected areas with a cotton swab - ideally twice a day.

Tea blend

The burdock root is used in naturopathy as part of a detoxification. The following two tea recipes can be used for this.

Tea blend 1
Mugwort, Gundelrebe, burdock root, goldenrod herb, dandelion root and Wegwarten root are mixed in equal parts. For a large cup, pour about 250 ml of boiling water over a teaspoon and strain after 10 minutes. Dose: 3 cups a day over a period of four to six weeks.

Tea blend 2
This recipe is especially good for liver detoxification and liver strengthening. Nettle, dandelion root, milk thistle and burdock root are mixed in equal parts, a teaspoon of it is brewed with a quarter liter of boiling water and strained after about seven to eight minutes. This tea is also drunk three times a day over a period of four to six weeks. (sw)

Author and source information

This text corresponds to the specifications of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.

Susanne Waschke, Barbara Schindewolf-Lensch


  • Cooperation Phytopharmaka GbR: www.arzneipflanzenlexikon.info (access: May 12, 2017), burdock
  • Medicinal herbs pages: www.heilkraeuter.de (access: May 11, 2017), burdock
  • von Bruchhausen, Franz: Hagers Handbook of Pharmaceutical Practice, Springer, 1999
  • Scrap, serious; Ammon, Hermann Philipp Theodor: Medicinal Plants of Ayurvedic and Western Medicine: A Comparison, Springer, 2011
  • Bühring, Ursel: Practical textbook on medicinal plant science: basics - application - therapy, Thieme, 2014
  • Miligui, Josef, Nutrition for malignant diseases: Dietetics - changed nutritional requirements - for malignant diseases (EBNS nutrition recommendations), Books on Demand, 2016
  • Vonarburg, Bruno: Homeopathy: Summer full of flowers. Vol. 2, Thieme, 2005

Video: Part 2- of my burdock root journey (May 2022).


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