Clinical patients with infectious diseases are more likely to commit suicide

Clinical patients with infectious diseases are more likely to commit suicide

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Study Finds Link Between Suicide And Infection
The World Health Organization (WHO) figures show that more than 800,000 people die from suicide each year. A new study has now discovered a new risk factor for suicides. Researchers found that people in hospital with infectious diseases are more likely to commit suicide.

Scientists from Copenhagen University Hospital in Denmark found that there could be a link between infection, hospitalization, and suicide. Hospitalized patients with an infection have an increased risk of suicide. The doctors published the results of their new study in the journal "JAMA Psychiatry".

Scientists are examining the data from more than 7.2 million subjects
In recent years there have been repeated investigations into the causes or causes of suicides. For example, another study recently found that the enormous pressure to perform is driving more and more students to commit suicide. Danish researchers have now analyzed the data of more than 7.2 million people over the age of 15 for their investigation. They were looking for a link between infectious diseases and suicide death. Patients in hospitals who are infected have an increased risk of committing suicide, the doctors report on the results. Patients with HIV, AIDS or hepatitis had the highest risk of suicide, the authors add.

Over the course of the study, 32,700 subjects committed suicide
A total of 11.2 percent of the participating subjects had an infection in a hospital. These included, for example, HIV, hepatitis, infections of the digestive system, blood or lungs, say the experts. During the study, nearly 32,700 of these patients died from suicide. A quarter of these people were previously hospitalized with an infection, the authors say. The results of the study suggest that hospitalized patients with infection are 42 percent more likely to die from suicide. People with multiple infections or patients who went on long-term treatment in hospital showed an additional increased risk of suicide, the scientists explain.

Hospitalized patients with infection have a 42 percent increased risk of suicide
If patients had only been in the hospital for four days or less, their risk of suicide was 42 percent higher than that of subjects without infection. However, this risk increased to a dramatic 138 percent if they were hospitalized for more than 94 days. But not only sick people in clinics have an increased risk of suicide. Independent studies had previously identified other risk groups for suicide. For example, young homosexual and bisexual men commit suicide up to six times more often. Bullying in teenagers can also lead to a high risk of suicide.

The number of infections also increases the risk of suicide
If people had only one infection, the risk of suicide increased less than that of multiple infections at the same time. However, if they suffer from seven or more infections, their risk of suicide is increased by 190 percent compared to subjects without infection, the scientists explain.

Infections affect the pathophysiological mechanisms of suicidal behavior
The study did not lead to a conclusive causal relationship, but the results support a connection between the risk of suicidal behavior and infections, or pro-inflammatory cytokines and metabolites of inflammation, the researchers explain. However, the connection could possibly also be influenced by other factors. For example, the psychological effects of a hospital stay with a severe infection can affect our risk of suicide, doctors add. However, the results suggest that infections can play an important role in the pathophysiological mechanisms of suicide behavior, the authors say. (as)

Author and source information

Video: Establishing a Correlation Between Suicide and Lyme Disease (July 2022).


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