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Doctors advise diabetics to be vaccinated against the flu in winter
Winter time is usually also flu time. Especially in the cold months of the year, many people in Germany contract the flu. That is why it is particularly important for people with a chronic illness that they protect themselves adequately from flu in the winter months in order to avoid serious negative effects on health. Experts are now particularly advising diabetics to get a flu shot from their doctor.
The doctors from the Center for Diabetes at CJD Berchtesgaden recommend that people with diabetes should have a vaccination carried out in the winter months to protect them against the flu. The experts published a press release highlighting the special risks of diabetics.
Immune system is less defensive due to increased blood sugar levels
Especially chronically ill people are advised to see a doctor at the beginning of winter to be vaccinated against the flu there - this also applies to diabetes patients. Because "diabetics have an increased risk of infection," says Dr. Gerd Schauerte from the Diebeteszentrum CJD Berchtesgaden. "The immune system is less defensive due to increased blood sugar levels" and "this makes it easier for infections and the flu to become infected," explains the expert. That is why it is particularly important for diabetics to have a flu shot.
Excess sugar prevents immune cells from recognizing pathogens
The high blood sugar levels that occur in diabetics mean that the immune function of the white blood cells in the human body is impeded. The reason for this is that excess sugar docks onto human immune cells. This means that our immune cells are no longer able to recognize dangerous pathogens, the experts explain.
Flu can have serious consequences for people with diabetes
The consequences of a flu illness can be very serious, especially for chronically ill people. In the case of flu with a high fever, the blood sugar is often mixed up, the doctors explain. The consequences can be severe cases with high or low sugar. A particular problem with this topic is that, fatally, many people are not aware of their illness. Two million Germans know nothing about their own diabetes, a recent study showed.
A flu shot rarely has side effects
In Germany alone there are up to 25,000 hospital admissions every year, which can be attributed to the flu. Several thousand people die from influenza each year, the experts say. The permanent vaccination committee at the internationally renowned Robert Koch Institute recommends vaccination especially for people with an increased risk of infection. "Vaccination is generally well tolerated," explains Dr. Shivered in the press release from CJD Berchtesgaden. Weak side effects are rare, the doctor adds.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is often referred to as diabetes and is actually a group of metabolic diseases. There are various forms of the disease, such as type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Hyperglycaemia (blood sugar), which is typical for diabetes, usually has to do with insulin. The mechanisms responsible for this include, for example, absolute insulin deficiency and relative insulin deficiency. It is also possible that both mechanisms occur together. (as)