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Diet and hormones affect later organ function
Even during pregnancy, women can ensure that their child later has a lower risk of being overweight and diabetic. Because, in addition to genetics, how their organs will function in the future is also influenced by the mother's diet and hormones in certain formative phases. A healthy lifestyle during pregnancy not only has a positive effect in the short term, but also has long-term consequences for the child's health.
Setting the course for sugar utilization and fat storage
Expectant mothers set important course for the health of their child through their lifestyle in pregnancy. The diet of pregnant women influences, for example, the form in which the child will later use sugar or store fats in the body. The University of Hohenheim informed about this in a communication on the occasion of a conference of the German Nutrition Society (DGE) taking place today (September 21).
Dietary errors can promote diabetes
Accordingly, in addition to genetics, the mother's diet and hormones during certain development phases in pregnancy or shortly after birth determine how the child's organs and organ systems function later. Experts speak of perinatal programming in this context.
If mistakes creep in early, the child may develop malfunctions and chronic diseases that last a lifetime, Professor Peter Grimm of the German Nutrition Society (DGE) told the news agency "dpa". Possible consequences include overweight and diabetes mellitus.
Five servings of vegetables and fruit a day
So pregnant women should pay close attention to what they eat and drink during pregnancy. A balanced and varied diet is particularly important for the health of the expectant mother and for the development of the child. The "Healthy Living" network recommends eating plenty of vegetables and fruits (5 servings a day), wholegrain products and at least three servings of low-fat milk or low-fat milk products per day.
Lean meat or lean sausage should ideally be eaten in moderation (3 to 4 servings per week) and fish twice a week - at least one serving of which is high-fat fish such as herring or salmon. Expectant mothers should generally use oils, fats, sweets and snacks sparingly. (No)